[162], To combat this change, the state of Massachusetts’ Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs has outlined a path to decarbonization of the state’s economy. [59] The American Hockey League (AHL), the NHL's development league, is headquartered in Springfield.[403]. Although much of Massachusetts had been cleared for agriculture, leaving only traces of old-growth forest in isolated pockets, secondary growth has regenerated in many rural areas as farms have been abandoned. [90] Both religious dissent and expansionism resulted in several new colonies being founded shortly after Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay elsewhere in New England. [316], Massachusetts routinely votes for the Democratic Party, with the core concentrations in the Boston metro area, the Cape and Islands, and Western Massachusetts outside Hampden County. Les Irlandais en particulier ont eu un grand impact sur la culture de l’État et la ville de Boston ; Boston accueille un des plus célèbres défilés de la Saint-Patrick du monde (un festival irlandais traditionnel tenu le 17 mars) ; et l’équipe régionale de basket-ball est connue comme les « Celtics ». Massachusetts Relief Map1778 x 1169 - 185.81k - jpg. Peabody Institute Library. [296] A massive undertaking to bring I-93 underground in downtown Boston, called the Big Dig, brought the city's highway system under public scrutiny for its high cost and construction quality.[132]. [332], There are 50 cities and 301 towns in Massachusetts, grouped into 14 counties. [182] Exurban Boston and coastal areas grew the most rapidly, while Berkshire County in far Western Massachusetts and Barnstable County on Cape Cod were the only counties to lose population as of the 2010 Census. [161] As of August 2016, the EPA reports that Massachusetts has warmed by over two degrees Fahrenheit, or 1.1 degrees Celsius. Selon le recensement des États-Unis de 2010, la population était composée de 80,41 % de Blancs, 6,63 % de Noirs, 5,34 % d'Asiatiques (1,88 % de Chinois, 1,18 % d'Indiens, 0,66 % de Viêts), 2,63 % de Métis, 0,29 % d'Amérindiens, 0,03 % d'Océaniens et 4,66 % de personnes n'entrant dans aucune de ces catégories. Massachusetts. This was followed by a round of tax limitations during the 1980s—a conservative period in American politics—including Proposition 2½. There are a total of 36,800 miles (59,200 km) of interstates and other highways in Massachusetts. Doch nicht nur das. Some of the best places to live in Massachusetts include Cambridge, Brookline and Newton. [333] The fourteen counties, moving roughly from west to east, are Berkshire, Franklin, Hampshire, Hampden, Worcester, Middlesex, Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Bristol, Plymouth, Barnstable, Dukes, and Nantucket. [334], Boston is the state capital and largest city in Massachusetts. In Boston alone, costs of climate change-related storms will result in 5 to 100 billion dollars in damage. 1 Allgemeines 2 Link zum Artikel 3 Weblink 4 Im Film Phantastische Tierwesen und wo sie zu finden sind Die Ilvermorny-Schule für Hexerei und Zauberei ist die bedeutendste amerikanische Zauberschule. En 2006, l'État du Massachusetts a institué une couverture maladie universelle qui contraint chacun à souscrire une assurance, alors que les plus pauvres reçoivent une aide[40]. Most ports north of Cape Cod are served by Boston Harbor Cruises, which operates ferry services in and around Greater Boston under contract with the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. [142] New Jersey", "#26 The Governors Academy, Byfield, Mass", "Harvard Plans to Name First Female President", "These Are the Best Private High Schools in America, According to a New Ranking", "How States Are Spending Money in Education", "Are the nation's twelfth-graders making progress in mathematics and reading? The ensuing manhunt ended on April 19 when thousands of law enforcement officers searched a 20-block area of nearby Watertown. Les Métis se décomposaient entre ceux revendiquant deux races (2,43 %), principalement blanche et noire (0,60 %), blanche et autre (0,52 %) et blanche et asiatique (0,50 %), et ceux revendiquant trois races ou plus (0,20 %). [168] Certain municipalities will offer up to $1.20 per watt, up to 50 percent of the system’s cost on PV arrays 25 kW or less. In 2004, Massachusetts senator John Kerry who won the Democratic nomination for President of the United States narrowly lost to incumbent George W. Bush. [182], By sex, 48.4% were male, and 51.6% were female in 2014. Another eight years later, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren was a frontrunner in the Democratic primaries for the 2020 Presidential Election, but suspended her campaign and then endorsed presumptive nominee Joe Biden. Massachusetts is a state in the United States of America. Composée à 44,7 % de Blancs, 7,9 % de Métis, 6,8 % de Noirs, 1,3 % d'Amérindiens, 0,4 % d'Asiatiques, 0,1 % d'Océaniens et 38,8 % de personnes n'entrant dans aucune de ces catégories, la population hispanique représentait 42,8 % des Amérindiens, 34,0 % des Océaniens, 29,0 % des Métis, 9,8 % des Noirs, 5,3 % des Blancs, 0,6 % des Asiatiques et 79,8 % des personnes n'entrant dans aucune de ces catégories. L’État célèbre le « Evacuation Day » (Le Jour de l’évacuation) et le « Patriot’s Day » (Le Jour des patriotes) en mémoire de l’histoire de la région. Die vermeintlichen Herstellungsprobleme von Pfizer haben Öffentlichkeit und Börsen aufgeschreckt. [336] Other cities with a population over 100,000 include Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and Cambridge. Le Massachusetts partage ses frontières avec le New Hampshire et le Vermont au nord, l'État de New York à l'ouest, le Connecticut et le Rhode Island au sud, et l'océan Atlantique à l'est. [257], The state imposes a 6.25% sales tax[255] on retail sales of tangible personal property—except for groceries, clothing (up to $175.00), and periodicals. [98], The most destructive earthquake yet known in New England occurred in 1755, causing considerable damage across Massachusetts. The event is known as the "First Thanksgiving" was celebrated by the Pilgrims after their first harvest in the New World, which lasted for three days. It is on the east coast of the United States. English Americans, the third-largest (11.4%) group, have lived there the longest but form a plurality only in some western towns. Depuis élection présidentielle de 1960, trois élus du Massachusetts ont postulé aux élections présidentielles : John Fitzgerald Kennedy élu en 1960, Michael Dukakis, candidat en 1988 et John Kerry, candidat en 2004. [279], On the southern shore of the state, several different passenger ferry lines connect Martha's Vineyard to ports along the mainland, including Woods Hole, Hyannis, New Bedford, and Falmouth, all in Massachusetts, as well as North Kingstown in Rhode Island, Highlands in New Jersey, and New York City in New York. [132] It connected areas that were once divided by elevated highway (much of the raised old Central Artery was replaced with the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway), and improved traffic conditions along with several routes.[132][133]. [235], Massachusetts has three foreign-trade zones, the Massachusetts Port Authority of Boston, the Port of New Bedford, and the City of Holyoke. The Bay State ranked number one in education, number two in healthcare, and number five in the handling of the economy. Two pressure cooker bombs exploded near the finish line of the Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013, at around 2:49 pm EDT. [239] Other popular tourist destinations include Salem, Plymouth, and the Berkshires. The Associated Press maintains a bureau in Boston, and local news wire the State House News Service feeds coverage of state government to other Massachusetts media outlets. [63] Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Lors des élections pour le poste de gouverneur, en novembre 2006, le lieutenant-gouverneur du Massachusetts (en) républicain sortant Kerry Healey fut battu avec 35 % des suffrages par le démocrate Deval Patrick (56 %). Massachusett definition, a member of an extinct tribe of North American Indians of eastern Massachusetts. Les Italiens, Portugais et Chinois ont aussi influencé la culture de l’État. [172], For income eligible residents, Mass Save has partnered with Massachusetts Community Action Program Agencies and Low-Income Energy Affordability Network (LEAN) to offer residents assistance with upgrades to their homes that will result in more efficient energy usage. Massachusetts was the first state to recruit, train, and arm a Black regiment with White officers, the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. Le pouvoir législatif est détenu par la Cour générale du Massachusetts qui se compose de Chambre des représentants et du Sénat. Name Abk. [181][182] 40% of foreign immigrants were from Central or South America, according to a 2005 Census Bureau study, with many of the remainder from Asia. Residents may qualify for a replacement of their heating system, insulation installation, appliances, and thermostats if they meet the income qualifications provided on Mass Save’s website. Boston's South End and Jamaica Plain are both gay villages, as is nearby Provincetown, Massachusetts on Cape Cod. Die acht Hauptinseln des Staates Hawaii sind Oahu, wo auch die Hauptstadt Honolulu liegt, Big Island von Hawaii (auch Hawaii genannt), Maui, Kauai, Molokai, Lanai, Niihau und Kahoolawe. As of the summer of 2013 the Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority in collaboration with the MBTA and the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) is operating the CapeFLYER providing passenger rail service between Boston and Cape Cod.[277][278]. [290] Massachusetts has 39 public-use airfields[291] and more than 200 private landing spots. Fin juin 2015, la Cour Suprême décide (Obergefell v. Hodges) que les couples homosexuels peuvent se marier dans l'ensemble du pays[43]. The licensed sale of recreational marijuana became legal on July 1, 2018; however, the lack of state-approved testing facilities prevented the sale of any product for several weeks. An der südöstlichen Küste von Massachusetts liegen die Inseln Nantucket und Martha’s Vineyard. According to 2010 data from The Association of Religion Data Archives, (ARDA) the largest single denominations are the Catholic Church with 2,940,199 adherents; the United Church of Christ with 86,639 adherents; and the Episcopal Church with 81,999 adherents. Il domine les deux chambres de la législature de l'État. University Of Massachusetts Boston. [245] Particular agricultural products of note include green house products making up more than one third of the state's agricultural output, cranberries, sweet corn and apples are also large sectors of production. Boston Massachusetts Usa . Selon le North American Jewish Data Bank, l'État comptait 277 980 Juifs en 2013 (267 440 en 1971), soit 4,2 % de la population de l'État et 4,1 % de la population juive américaine. The state is home to two Division I FBS teams, Boston College of the Atlantic Coast Conference, and FBS Independent University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Au niveau local, la législature étatique (Cour générale du Massachusetts) est dominée par le Parti démocrate. Foto: Faolin42, CC BY 3.0. [49] Plymouth was founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims, passengers of the Mayflower. O seu nome provén dunha voz indíxena local que significa "lugar do monte grande" e historicamente … Die Schule wurde im 17. [258] The sales tax is charged on clothing that costs more than $175.00, for the amount exceeding $175.00. [58][59] In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legally recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court's decision in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health. [319] When averaging the presidential election results from 2000 to 2016 in Massachusetts, Democratic nominees collected 60.8% of the vote compared to 35.1% for Republican nominees. Massachusetts liegt im Nordosten der USA und erstreckt sich von der Spitze von Cape Cod am Atlantik bis zu den Berkshire Mountains an der Staatsgrenze von New York State. [306] Massachusetts governors, unlike those of most other states, are addressed as His/Her Excellency. [106] On the coast, Salem became a center for privateering. "CLT Update: Apr 15, 2005, "We didn't need or want a tax cut—but it's ours now! The corporate income tax rate is 8.8%,[255] and the short-term capital gains tax rate is 12%. ", "New England Neptune: Massachusetts State Shell", "The Official Massachusetts State Quarter", "Greater Boston gains population, remains 10th-largest region in U.S", "Staying Power: The Future of Manufacturing in Massachusetts", "Housing and Economic Development:Key Industries", "Springfield Armory: Technology in Transition", "The First Great Awakening—Jonathan Edwards", "The Temperance Issue in the Election of 1840: Massachusetts", "Images of the Antislavery Movement in Massachusetts", "Springfield College: The Birthplace of Basketball", "The International Volleyball Hall of Fame", "Massachusetts court strikes down ban on same-sex marriage", "Harvard's Endowment Remains Biggest of All", "Meet Merrick Garland, Obama's Supreme Court nominee", "When a neighborhood is crowned the most innovative square mile in the world, how do you keep it that way? Drawing from its Native American and Yankee roots, along with later immigrant groups, Massachusetts has produced several writers, artists, and musicians. (The name "State of Massachusetts Bay" appeared in the first—rejected—draft. [164], The concept of Mass Save was created in 2008 by the passing of the Green Communities Act of 2008 during Deval Patrick’s tenure as governor. Si 51 % des habitants du Massachusetts se déclarent indépendants en 2009[37], ils sont 13 % à se revendiquer républicains. Reise . Europa Fernreise Deutschland Städtereise Reisewetter . L'aire métropolitaine de Boston-Cambridge-Newton regroupait à elle seule 63,1 % de la population de l'État. Plymouth is the largest municipality in the state by land area, followed by Middleborough. Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem, United States Declaration of Independence, Northern theater of the American Revolutionary War after Saratoga, Constitutional Convention (United States), List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Pennsylvania Gradual Abolition Act of 1780, Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area, Department of Conservation and Recreation, Lowell Power Canal System and Pawtucket Gatehouse, African Americans migrated to Massachusetts, List of colleges and universities in Massachusetts, List of engineering schools in Massachusetts, List of school districts in Massachusetts, National Assessment of Educational Progress, List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income, List of Massachusetts locations by unemployment rate, Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, Massachusetts Department of Transportation, Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, Lowell National Historical Park Trolley Line, to route I-95 northeastwards from Providence, Rhode Island, directly through central Boston, United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, Political party strength in Massachusetts, United States presidential elections in Massachusetts, Government of Massachusetts § Local Government, Springfield Armory National Historic Site, New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park, National Shrine of The Divine Mercy (Stockbridge, Massachusetts), List of television stations in Massachusetts, Governorship of Mitt Romney § Health care, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth", "States where English is the official language", "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over—2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", "Black-Capped Chickadee:Massachusetts State Bird", "Wild Turkey:Massachusetts State Game Bird", "Right Whale: Massachusetts State Marine Mammal", "Morgan Horse: Massachusetts State Horse", "Boston Terrier: Massachusetts State Dog", "Garter Snake: Massachusetts State Reptile", "Cranberry Juice: Massachusetts State Beverage", "Blue—Green—Cranberry: Massachusetts State Colors", "Square Dance: Massachusetts State Folk Dance", "Corn Muffin: Massachusetts State Muffin", "Baked Navy Bean: Massachusetts State Bean", "Boston Creme Pie: Massachusetts State Dessert", "Chocolate Chip Cookie: Massachusetts State Cookie", "Boston Cream Donut: Massachusetts State Donut", "Dinosaur Tracks: Massachusetts State Fossil", "Babingtonite: Massachusetts State Mineral", "Blue Hills of Massachusetts: Massachusetts State Poem", "Can you guess the state sport of Massachusetts? Im Osten liegt der Atlantische ... um von Boston bis Lenox zu fahren. Among others, one result of this act was a requirement for Program Administrators of utilities to invest in saving energy, as opposed to purchasing and generating additional energy where economically feasible. Boston University, Northeastern University, UMASS Lowell, and Merrimack College also participate in Division I athletics. Teilweise unglaublich was alles fliegt. [352][353] Tanglewood, in western Massachusetts, is a music venue that is home to both the Tanglewood Music Festival and Tanglewood Jazz Festival, as well as the summer host for the Boston Symphony Orchestra. [220], Massachusetts's per-student public expenditure for elementary and secondary schools was eighth in the nation in 2012, at $14,844. Denne kategori indeholder emner om delstaten Massachusetts i USA. US-Präsident von 1825 bis 1829) gleich zwei US-Präsidenten aus Quincy stammen. Il s'agit de l'un des quatre États des États-Unis à porter le titre de Commonwealth. Der Hauptteil der USA befindet sich zwischen dem 24. und 49. nördlichen Breitengrad sowie zwischen dem 68. Mehr anzeigen. Massachusetts is home to a large number of museums and historical sites. Green, James R., William F. Hartford, and Tom Juravich. [122][123] Abolitionists John Brown and Sojourner Truth lived in Springfield and Northampton, respectively, while Frederick Douglass lived in Boston and Susan B. Anthony in Adams, Massachusetts. Her secondaries fire faster, farther, and are far more accurate than those found on any other American battlewagon. [127] The 1969 closure of the Springfield Armory, in particular, spurred an exodus of high-paying jobs from Western Massachusetts, which suffered greatly as it de-industrialized during the last 40 years of the 20th century. ", "Massachusetts Students Score among World Leaders on PISA Reading, Science and Math Tests", "East Squantum Street (Moswetuset Hummock)", Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth, "Why do we call Massachusetts a 'commonwealth'? [280] Similarly, several different lines connect Nantucket to ports including Hyannis, New Bedford, Harwich, and New York City. [229] As of January 2020, Massachusetts state general minimum wage is $12.75 per hour while the minimum wage for tipped workers is $4.95 an hour. These warmer temperatures will also increase the prevalence of mosquitos, a carrier of the West Nile virus. Children of businessman and ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. included John F. Kennedy, who was a senator and U.S. president before his assassination in 1963, Robert F. Kennedy, who was a senator, U.S. attorney general, and presidential candidate before his assassination in 1968, Ted Kennedy, a senator from 1962 until his death in 2009,[134] and Eunice Kennedy Shriver, a co-founder of the Special Olympics. The population of the city proper is 692,600,[335] and Greater Boston, with a population of 4,873,019, is the 11th largest metropolitan area in the nation. Vermont became a state in 1791 but did not fully ban slavery until 1858 with the Vermont Personal Liberty Law. [409], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}42°15′35″N 71°48′30″W / 42.2596°N 71.8083°W / 42.2596; -71.8083 (Commonwealth of Massachusetts), This article is about the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The works of such abolitionists contributed to Massachusetts's actions during the Civil War. Religious intolerance continued. Ils furent vite suivis par les puritains, qui établirent la colonie de la Baie de Massachusetts. [396] The Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences has two of its three campuses in Boston and Worcester.[397]. In Methuen biegt der Streckenverlauf nach der Kreuzung zur Massachusetts Route 213 erneut nach Nordosten ab und führt durch Haverhill (wo sie sich bis auf 150 yd (137,2 m) der Grenze zu New Hampshire nähert), Bradford, Merrimac und Amesbury, bevor sie sich an ihrem nördlichen Ende in Salisbury etwa 1,5 mi (2,4 km) vor der Staatsgrenze mit der Interstate 95 vereint. Pockets of Republican strength are in the central areas along the I-495 crescent, Hampden County, and communities on the south and north shores,[317] but the state as a whole has not given its Electoral College votes to a Republican in a presidential election since Ronald Reagan carried it in 1984. Le Bureau de la gestion et du budget a également défini deux aires métropolitaines combinées dans ou en partie dans l'État du Massachusetts.