[176], In 2020, a Customs investigation highlighted that an Indian native and a major hawala dealer, Rabins Hameed, financed smuggling of gold through diplomatic channels and other smuggling networks from Dubai. Free Wifi. Precipitation, however, has been increasing in the last few decades, with accumulated rain reaching 110.7 mm (4.36 in) per year. [168] The city hosted 14.9 million overnight visitors in 2016, and is expected to reach 20 million tourists by 2020. [90] Freedom of speech in Dubai is limited, with both residents and citizens facing severe sanctions from the government for speaking out against the royal family or local laws and culture. The Persian Gulf borders the western coast of the emirate. It enables a range of companies, including UAE and regional small and medium-sized enterprises, to trade on an exchange with an international brand name, with access by both regional and international investors.[145]. It is the world's largest flower garden. [118] The other Dubai-based stock exchange is NASDAQ Dubai, which is the international stock exchange in the Middle East. The nine-state union was never to recover from the October 1969 meeting where heavy-handed British intervention resulted in a walk-out by Qatar and Ras Al Khaimah. The Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs), a luxury hotel, is frequently described as "the world's only 7-star", though its management has never made that claim but has claimed to be a “five-star deluxe property.” The term "7-star hotel" was coined by a British journalist to describe their initial experience of the hotel. Dubai Opera opened its door on 31 August 2016 in Downtown Dubai with a performance by Plácido Domingo. The Green Line, running from the Etisalat Station to the Creek Station, has 20 stations (8 underground, 12 elevated). The Kazzans were an innovative oil storage solution which meant super-tankers could moor offshore even in bad weather and avoided the need to pipe oil onshore from Fateh, which is some 60 miles out to sea. A flotilla of small boats from Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman and Umm al-Quwain picked up survivors, but 238 of the 819 persons on board were lost in the disaster. Women usually wear the "abaya", a long black robe with a hijab (the head-scarf which covers the neck and part of the head-all of the hair and ears). In 2018 and 2019, Valcambi received 83 tonnes of gold from the two companies. [96][97][98] The Security Industry Regulatory Agency classified the crimes into six categories. [61], The sandy desert surrounding the city supports wild grasses and occasional date palms. The 1967 price of gold was $35 an ounce but its market price in India was $68 an ounce – a healthy markup. Entry is complimentary for First Class, Business Class and eligible Emirates Skywards customers, and you can also pay to enjoy our lounge in Dubai. Dubai signed the General Maritime Treaty of 1820 along with other Trucial States, following the British punitive expedition against Ras Al Khaimah of 1819, which also led to the bombardment of the coastal communities of the Persian Gulf. [160] In June 2020, the Moody’s Investors Service cut down its ratings for eight of the biggest banks based in the UAE from stable to negative. [142] This has had a major impact on property investors in the region, some of whom were unable to release funds from investments made in property developments. Area Codes Search Notes. Companies in Dubai have in the past been criticised for human rights violations against labourers. [91] Most of the low paid labourers are victims of human trafficking or forced labour while some women are even trafficked into the growing sex trade in Dubai, a centre of human trafficking and prostitution. [210][211][212], Dubai International Airport (IATA: DXB), the hub for Emirates, serves the city of Dubai and other emirates in the country. The import of gold to India had been banned and so the trade was characterised as smuggling, although Dubai's merchants were quick to point out that they were making legal deliveries of gold and that it was up to the customer where they took it. In 2018, the country topped the list for the fourth year in a row with a total spend of $30.82 billion. Currently only the Swiss International Scientific School in Dubai claims to offer parallel streams in different languages - bi-lingual English/French or English/ German. "[192] The hotel opened in December 1999. If you want a busy hotel then go for … According to the US Bureau of Diplomatic Security, petty theft, pickpocketing, scams, and sexual harassment still occur although they are usually not violent and weapons are not involved. [137] Dubai is also a hub for service industries such as information technology and finance, with industry-specific free zones throughout the city. In 2009 taxi trips exceeded 70 million trips serving around 140.45 million passengers. Current local time in United Arab Emirates – Dubai – Dubai. Dubai (/duːˈbaɪ/ doo-BY; Arabic: دبي‎, romanized: Dubayy [dʊˈbajj], Gulf Arabic pronunciation: [dəˈbaj]) is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the capital of the Emirate of Dubai. Dubai is mainly divided into 9 sectors which are then divided into 226 communities, which are listed below. Auto racing is also a big sport in Dubai, the Dubai Autodrome is home to many auto racing events throughout the year. The bus system services 140 routes and transported over 109 million people in 2008. Special offer. … [136], Historically, Dubai and its twin across Dubai Creek, Deira (independent of Dubai City at that time), were important ports of call for Western manufacturers. [citation needed], A monorail line connecting the Palm Jumeirah to the mainland opened on 30 April 2009. [227] Prior to 2006, the weekend was Thursday-Friday. Dubai is the second largest emirate with an area of 4,114sq. The Dubai IFC model is an independent risk-based regulator with a legislative system consistent with English common law. Internet was introduced into the UAE (and therefore Dubai) in 1995. [citation needed] The Venetian pearl merchant Gasparo Balbi visited the area in 1580 and mentioned Dubai (Dibei) for its pearling industry. [250] Dubai houses two of four Domain Name System (DNS) data centres in the country (DXBNIC1, DXBNIC2). [242] According to Vision magazine, the event was aimed at enhancing and celebrating Dubai's position as the gastronomic capital of the region. 1 Spans the conventional boundary between Asia and another continent. [252] Homosexuality, drugs, and the theory of evolution are generally considered taboo. "[88] As of 2020, the federal public prosecution has clarified that "it is an offense when at least three public employees collectively leave work or one of the duties to achieve an unlawful purpose. [117] In addition, 16% of the population (or 288,000 persons) living in collective labour accommodation were not identified by ethnicity or nationality, but were thought to be primarily Asian. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) covers an area of around 83,600 square km (32,300 square miles) in the Arabian Peninsula. In 2014, there were estimated to be 15.54 births and 1.99 deaths per 1,000 people. [10] A centre for regional and international trade since the early 20th century, Dubai's economy relies on revenues from trade, tourism, aviation, real estate, and financial services. Dubai's oil output made up 2.1 percent of the Persian Gulf emirate's economy in 2008. Seismically, Dubai is in a very stable zone—the nearest seismic fault line, the Zagros Fault, is 200 kilometres (124 miles) from the UAE and is unlikely to have any seismic impact on Dubai. [129] [156], Since the economy of Dubai relies majorly on real estate,[157] transportation and tourism, it was highly exposed to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic. Search for more Area Manager jobs in Dubai, UAE and other Middle East countries. [158] It was reported that in order to bolster its finances and overcome the impact of coronavirus on its economy, Dubai was in talks to raise billions of dollars of debt privately, where it was seeking loans of 1 billion dirhams ($272 million) to 2 billion dirhams from each lender. The houbara bustard, striped hyena, caracal, desert fox, falcon and Arabian oryx are common in Dubai's desert. [185], Dubai has a rich collection of buildings and structures of various architectural styles. [123], Article 7 of the UAE's Provisional Constitution declares Islam the official state religion of the UAE. Experts Reveal All", "Recent archaeological research at Saruq al-Hadid, Dubai, UAE", "Brushing off sands of time at the archaeological site of Saruq al-Hadid", "SHARP – the Saruq al-Hadid Archaeological Research Project", "The Coming of Islam and the Islamic Period in the UAE. Gulf-Law.com, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Luxury Fashion Branding: Trends, Tactics, Techniques – Page 80, Uché Okonkwo – 2007, Introduction to Sociology – Page 14, George Ritzer – 2012, Ubaid bin Saeed and Maktum bin Butti Al Maktoum, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, Islamic Affairs and Charitable Activities Department, third-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, world's busiest airport by international passenger traffic, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, International Festivals and Events Association (IFEA), List of media outlets in Dubai Media City, Traditional sports in the United Arab Emirates, List of universities and colleges in Dubai, List of twin towns and sister cities in UAE, "Dubai Population Are 3.3 Million by Q3-19", "Gross Domestic Product at Current Prices 2016 – Emirate of Dubai", "United Arab Emirates: metropolitan areas", "Dubai must tap booming halal travel industry – Khaleej Times", "How Did Dubai, Abu Dhabi and other Cities Get Their Names? Since it opened in September 2004, the Dubai IFC has attracted, as a regional hub, leading international firms and set-up the NASDAQ Dubai which lists equity, derivatives, structured products, Islamic bonds (sukuk) and other bonds. [275] In 2015, Dubai phased in mandatory health insurance for all inhabitants, thereby leading to increased demand for medical services.[276]. [220] An extension to connect to the Red Line of the Dubai Metro is planned. km., which is about 5 per cent of the UAE without the islands. [209], All taxi services are licensed by the RTA. [124] All mosques in Dubai are managed by the Islamic Affairs and Charitable Activities Department also known as "Awqaf" under the Government of Dubai and all Imams are appointed by the Government. [83][84][85][86] The mistreatment of foreign workers was a subject of the difficult-to-make documentary, Slaves in Dubai (2009). The Palm Jumeirah is the smallest and the original of three Palm Islands, and it is located on the Jumeirah coastal area of Dubai. [238], Arabic cuisine is very popular and is available everywhere in the city, from the small shawarma diners in Deira and Al Karama to the restaurants in Dubai's hotels. [266] There are 64 schools that offer a variation of a UK curriculum style secondary education,[267] either a pure GCSE and A Level offering, or increasingly I/GCSE up to 16, and then the IB Diploma post-16. There is a sizeable community of Somalis numbering around 30,000, as well as other communities of various nationalities. Private companies were established to build and operate infrastructure, including electricity, telephone services and both the ports and airport operators. The UAE Centennial Plan aims to make the UAE the world’s leading nation by 2071. Early the next morning in heavy seas off Umm al-Quwain, an explosion tore out the second class cabins and started fires. Dubai. [257] The UAE has enforced decency regulations in most public places, aside from waterparks, beaches, clubs, and bars. In 1947, a border dispute between Dubai and Abu Dhabi on the northern sector of their mutual border escalated into war. "Beirut Showing Signs of Recovery From Wounds of War". [citation needed], The government's decision to diversify from a trade-based, oil-reliant economy to one that is service- and tourism-oriented made property more valuable, resulting in the property appreciation from 2004 to 2006. US Library of Congress – Legislative Branches, Dubai Municipality's e-government initiative. "[39], In 1962, with expenditure on infrastructure projects already approaching levels some thought imprudent, Sheikh Rashid approached his brother in law, the Ruler of Qatar, for a loan to build the first bridge crossing Dubai's creek. [205], Five main routes – E 11 (Sheikh Zayed Road), E 311 (Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Road), E 44 (Dubai-Hatta Highway), E 77 (Dubai-Al Habab Road) and E 66 (Oud Metha Road, Dubai-Al Ain Road, or Tahnoun Bin Mohammad Al Nahyan Road)[206] – run through Dubai, connecting the city to other towns and emirates. Book Business Class Return until 23 Dec 20. from AOA 3,685,000* See more … It also features a state-of-the-art indoor and outdoor Kartdrome, popular among racing enthusiasts and recreational riders. [45], After years of exploration following large finds in neighbouring Abu Dhabi, oil was eventually discovered in territorial waters off Dubai in 1966, albeit in far smaller quantities. [35] At that time, Dubai consisted of the town of Dubai and the nearby village of Jumeirah, a collection of some 45 areesh (palm leaf) huts. The inland exclave of Hatta is located about 134 km east of Dubai City. [121] English is used as a second language. [51] The two agreed to work towards bringing the other emirates, including Qatar and Bahrain, into the union. [22], The area was covered with sand about 5,000 years ago as the coast retreated inland, becoming part of the city's present coastline. Dubai has been ruled by the Al Maktoum family since 1833; the emirate is a constitutional monarchy. He was also involved in the 2015 Nedumbassery gold smuggling case, where 1,500 kg of gold was smuggled in two years. This gold was, in the vast majority, re-exported - mainly to customers who took delivery in international waters off India. Port Rashid, Jebel Ali, Burj Al Arab, the Palm Jumeirah and theme-based free-zone clusters such as Business Bay are all located in this section. It was built between 2001 and 2006. Dubai also hosts the traditional rugby union tournament Dubai Sevens, part of the Sevens World Series Event pictures of Rugby 7 Dubai 2015. Its inspections truly matter, and there is no doubt that school quality has improved as a result of their implementation. [181] Moreover, the Expo 2020 also created various social enlistment projects and monetary boons to the city targeting the year 2020, such as initiating the world's largest solar power project. Dubai is the second most expensive city in the region and 20th most expensive city in the world. The ruler of the emirate is Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, and the emirate is governed by the Government of Dubai. [citation needed], A total of 18 schools offer British primary education up to the age of eleven. It prohibits Internet Service Providers (ISPs) from disclosing information gathered in providing services. This crossing was finished in May 1963 and was paid for by a toll levied on the crossing from the Dubai side of the creek to the Deira side. Each employee will be punished with not less than 6 months in prison and not more than a year, as the imprisonment will be for leaving the job or duties that affect the health or the security of the people, or affect another public services of public benefit." [38] An airport of sorts (a runway built on salt flats) was established in Dubai in the 1950s and, in 1959, the emirate's first hotel, the Airlines Hotel, was constructed. The waters of Dubai are home to more than 300 species of fish, including the hammour. [270], The most well-known universities in Dubai are American University in Dubai, Hult International Business School, Al Ghurair University, The American College of Dubai, University of Wollongong in Dubai, British University in Dubai offering courses in Business Administration, Engineering, Architecture and Interior Design. Dubai also hosts both the annual Dubai Tennis Championships and The Legends Rock Dubai tennis tournaments, as well as the Dubai Desert Classic golf tournament and the DP World Tour Championship, all of which attract sports stars from around the world. [221], A tramway located in Al Sufouh, will run for 14.5 km (9.0 mi) along Al Sufouh Road from Dubai Marina to the Burj Al Arab and the Mall of the Emirates with two interchanges with Dubai Metro's Red Line. We're not encouraging the use of the term. Port Jebel Ali is the world's largest man-made harbour, the biggest port in the Middle East,[224] and the 7th-busiest port in the world. Abu Dhabi is classified as one of the wealthiest cities in the world with most of its revenue originating from petroleum products. The Emirate of Sharjah extends along approximately 16 km (10 mi) of the UAE… Groups that do not have their own buildings are allowed to use the facilities of other religious organisations or worship in private homes. Dubai Meteorological office", "64 degrees in Dubai – should you worry? Arabic movies are popular in Dubai and the UAE. DMCC (Dubai Multi Commodities Centre) was established in 2002. Pool. [213] In addition to being an important passenger traffic hub, the airport is the sixth-busiest cargo airport in world, handling 2.37 million tons of cargo in 2014. Dubai is positioned at 25°16′11″N 55°18′34″E / 25.26… Robberies went from 3.8 in 2013 to 2.1 by the end of last year, while kidnapping cases also dropped from 0.2 in 2013 to 0.1 in 2017. Dubai: 4 … [240] Al-Wasl have the second-most number of championships in the UAE League, after Al Ain. [101], As of September 2019[update], the population is 3,331,420 – an annual increase of 177,020 people which represents a growth rate of 5.64%. In April 2020, the American business and financial services company, Moody's Corporation reported that the coronavirus outbreak is likely to pose acute “negative growth and fiscal implications” in Dubai. [187], The completion of the Khalifa Tower, following the construction boom that began in the 1980s, accelerated in the 1990s, and took on a rapid pace of construction during the decade of the 2000s, leaves Dubai with the world's tallest skyline as of 4 January 2010[update]. The project was an outstanding success, with shipping queuing to access the new facilities. The emirate of Dubai shares borders with Abu Dhabi in the south, Sharjah in the northeast, and the Sultanate of Oman in the southeast. [186] As a result of this boom, modern Islamic – and world – architecture has literally been taken to new levels in skyscraper building design and technology. The Court of Cassation is the supreme court of the emirate and hears disputes on matters of law only. One can also avail oneself of the tourist water bus facility in Dubai. One of the lesser known sides of Dubai is the importance of its young contemporary art gallery scene. It is an architectural icon. [42], Construction of Dubai's first airport was started on the Northern edge of the town in 1959 and the terminal building opened for business in September 1960. There are a small number of Pakistani schools offering FBISE curriculum for expatriate children in Dubai. [196] The garden uses retreated waste water from city's municipality and utilises drip irrigation method for watering the plants. Dubai: Police arrested a man who intentionally set off fireworks in a residential area in Dubai, which led to minor property damages. [40], 1959 saw the establishment of Dubai's first telephone company, 51% owned by IAL (International Aeradio Ltd) and 49% by Sheikh Rashid and local businessmen and in 1961 both the electricity company and telephone company had rolled out operational networks. [38], BOAC was originally reluctant to start regular flights between Bombay and Dubai, fearing a lack of demand for seats. [254] Emirates Media and Internet (a division of Etisalat) notes that as of 2002[update], 76% of Internet users are male. These were constructed by the Chicago Bridge and Iron Company, which gave the beach its local name (Chicago Beach), which was transferred to the Chicago Beach Hotel, which was demolished and replaced by the Jumeirah Beach Hotel in the late 1990s. [39], Sheikh Rashid commissioned John Harris from Halcrow, a British architecture firm, to create the city's first master plan in 1959. [274], By the end of 2012, there were also a total of 1,348 medical clinics, 97% of which are operated privately. [32] The frequency of these vessels only helped to accelerate Dubai's role as an emerging port and trading hub of preference. Winters are comparatively cool, though mild to warm, with an average high of 24 °C (75 °F) and overnight lows of 14 °C (57 °F) in January, the coolest month. [72], The UAE has a Minister of Happiness, appointed by Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum. [225] The Marine Transport Agency has also implemented the Dubai Water Bus System. The emirate of Dubai shares borders with Abu Dhabi in the south, Sharjah in the northeast, and the Sultanate of Oman in the southeast. [44], In 1966, more gold was shipped from London to Dubai than almost anywhere else in the world (only France and Switzerland took more), at 4 million ounces. [228][229][230] Annual entertainment events such as the Dubai Shopping Festival[231] (DSF) and Dubai Summer Surprises (DSS) attract over 4 million visitors from across the region and generate revenues in excess of $2.7 billion. Dubai … British style eleven-to-eighteen secondary schools offering General Certificate of Secondary Education and A-Levels include Dubai Gem Private School, Dubai British School, English Language School Pvt. Show Prices. The AED 4 billion first phase of the project will be complete by January 2015. [57] Dubai airport and the aviation industry also continued to grow. These include Dubai Fashion 2020,[153] and Dubai Design District, expected to become a home to leading local and international designers. There are more than 3000 taxis operating within the emirate making an average of 192,000 trips every day, carrying about 385,000 persons. [29], In 1901, Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum established Dubai as a free port with no taxation on imports or exports and also gave merchants parcels of land and guarantees of protection and tolerance. (2016 est.) Parents in general rate schools their schools highly. The captain gave the order to abandon ship but two lifeboats capsized and a second explosion occurred. Harris imagined a Dubai that would rise from the historic center on Dubai Creek, with an extensive road system, organised zones, and a town center, all of which could feasibly be built with the limited financial resources at the time. The Burj Khalifa's design is derived from the patterning systems embodied in Islamic architecture, with the triple-lobed footprint of the building based on an abstracted version of the desert flower hymenocallis which is native to the Dubai region. In December 1971, the emirates united to form the United Arab Emirates, thus ending their status as British Protectorates. In addition, there is a Ladies and Families taxi service (pink roofs) with female drivers, which caters exclusively for women and children. [46], As part of the infrastructure for pumping and transporting oil from the Fateh field, located offshore of the Jebel Ali area of Dubai, two 500,000 gallon storage tanks were built, known locally as 'Kazzans',[47] by welding them together on the beach and then digging them out and floating them to drop onto the seabed at the Fateh field. [258], The school system in Dubai follows that of the United Arab Emirates. Fujairah, United Arab Emirates. Since 2006, the weekend has been Friday and Saturday, as a compromise between Friday's holiness to Muslims and the Western weekend of Saturday and Sunday. [150], In 2012, the Global City Competitiveness Index by the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Dubai at No. The younger Emiratis prefer to wear red and white ghotras and tie it round their head like a turban. The territorial waters of the Emirate … In a letter to the Sultan of Muscat in 1911, Butti laments, 'Misery and poverty are raging among them, with the result that they are struggling, looting and killing among themselves.'[34]. If you want to go for the beach then the best hotel to go for is one of the madinat hotels. The area was known to the Sumerians as Magan, and was a source for metallic goods, notably copper and bronze. [25], An early mention of Dubai is in 1095 in the Book of Geography by the Andalusian-Arab geographer Abu Abdullah al-Bakri. The eastern and western sections of the city are connected by Al Maktoum Bridge, Al Garhoud Bridge, Al Shindagha Tunnel, Business Bay Crossing and Floating Bridge. This emirate accounts for approximately two-thirds of the UAE economy. The first phase of the airport, featuring one A380 capable runway, 64 remote stands, one cargo terminal with annual capacity for 250,000 tonnes of cargo and a passenger terminal building designed to accommodate five million passengers per year, has been opened. A vast sea of sand dunes covers much of southern Dubai and eventually leads into the desert known as The Empty Quarter. Additionally, several local network television channels such as Dubai One (formerly Channel 33), and Dubai TV (EDTV) provide programming in English and Arabic respectively. In 2005, 84% of the population of metropolitan Dubai was foreign-born, about half of them from India. However, the topography of Dubai is significantly different from that of the southern portion of the UAE in that much of Dubai's landscape is highlighted by sandy desert patterns, while gravel deserts dominate much of the southern region of the country. [39] Bahrain and Qatar dropped out of talks, leaving six of the seven 'trucial' emirates to agree on union on 18 July 1971. A liquor permit is required to purchase alcohol; however, alcohol is available in bars and restaurants within hotels. Dubai's topography mainly consists of fine, white sandy deserts and a flat coastline. An indicator of the growing importance of the port of Dubai can be gained from the movements of the steamer of the Bombay and Persia Steam Navigation Company, which from 1899 to 1901 paid five visits annually to Dubai. Book Business Class Return until 03 Jan 21. from INR 61,923* South Africa. Imārat Dubayy) is one of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates. [69], The Dubai Municipality (DM) was established by the then-ruler of Dubai, Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, in 1954 for purposes of city planning, citizen services and upkeep of local facilities. 2 Considered … As of 2018[update], it operated internationally serving over 150 destinations in over 70 countries across six continents.