Cannes (/ k æ n, k ɑː n /; French: ; Occitan: Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera.It is a commune located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, and host city of the annual Cannes Film Festival, Midem, and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity.The city is known for its association with the rich and famous, its luxury hotels and restaurants, and for several conferences. "Immigration is hardly a recent development in French history, as Gérard Noiriel amply demonstrates in his history of French immigration, The French Melting Pot. (In fact, with its low birth rate, stagnating or declining native-born population, and role as a destination for migrants from other parts of Europe, France's situation before World War II was not unlike that of Germany today.). France was historically the largest nation in Europe. Jahrhunderts wurde die Netto-Migrationsrate auf 0,66 Migranten pro 1.000 Einwohner pro Jahr geschätzt. Die Demografie Frankreichs wird vom Nationalen Institut für Statistik und Wirtschaft (INSEE) überwacht. One out of two was born in Europe and one in three in Africa. In the 1970s, a small but well-publicized wave of Chilean and Argentine political refugees from their countries' dictatorships found asylum in France. All territories are shown at the same geographic scale. [45] Frankreich hat knapp drei Millionen Einwohner algerischer Abstammung, von denen ein kleiner Prozentsatz Franzosen der dritten oder vierten Generation sind. CO2-Emissionen pro Länder. The demography of France is monitored by the Institut national d'études démographiques (INED) and the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE). Zum 1. [15][16], New laws in November 1938 and July 1939, the code de la famille, provided enough financial incentives for large families to double the income of a family with six children. However, the country's population sharply increased with the baby boom following World War II. French of Maghrebi origin form the largest ethnic group after French of European origin. It includes the principal University library – the Bodleian Library – which has been a legal deposit library for 400 years; as well as 30 libraries across Oxford including major research libraries and faculty, department and institute libraries. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Worldwide, France's ranking has fallen to twentieth most populous country; In 2005 it was projected that if current demographic trends continued (i.e. Solis, a marketing company, recently estimated the numbers for ethnic minorities (immigrants and 2nd generation) in France in 2009 as 3.26 million Maghrebis (5.23%), 1.83 million Black people (2.94%) (1.08 million Sub-Saharan Africans and 757,000 French from French West Indies), and 250,000 Turkish (0.71%) . Menschen, die andere Sprachen als Muttersprache hatten, machten 5,2 % der Bevölkerung aus. $71.089 billion (2019 est.) 11.2 births/1,000 population (2019) Death rate: 9.1 deaths/1,000 population (2019) Life expectancy: 82.6 (2019) • male: 79.7 • female: 85.6: Fertility rate: 1.87 (2019) Infant mortality rate: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2019) Age structure; 0–14 years: 17.8% (2020) 15–64 years: 61.7% (2020) 65 and over: 20.5% (2020) Population density in France by arrondissement as of 2017. France - France - Immigration: Intermittently, at least since about 1830 and rather steadily from 1850, there has been a substantial flow of immigrant population into France. [citation needed] However, a 2014 story in Le Monde suggested that the testing figures for Île-de-France were distorted by the practices of some hospitals in the region, which choose to test all babies whether or not they have parents with ancestry from an endemic sickle-cell region. [129] Thus, the government is seeking to match immigrants with the economic makeup of France. The second-generation immigrants aged 18 to 50 make up 3.1 million (12% of 18–50) and 6.5 million for all ages (11% of population). (13 March 2019) Consumer confidence in the world's biggest economy, the United States, rebounded in February after a sharp drop in January, according to the University of Michigan. France has not collected religious or ethnic data in its censuses since the beginning of the Third Republic, but the country's predominant faith has been Roman Catholicism since the early Middle Ages. The 2019 population density in France is 119 people per Km 2 (308 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 547,557 Km2 (211,413 sq. Religion in France in 2017 by Ipsos (Ipsos Group)[131]. Des réfugiés musulmans qui fuyaient la Reconquista espagnole, et plus tard l'Inquisition, firent souche en Languedoc-Roussillon et dans le Pays basque français, ainsi que dans le Béarn". " Im Verlauf des Jahres 2019 hat sich die Bevölkerung Deutschland um circa 51 283 Menschen vergrößert. Französisch-Guayana. Gleichzeitig hatten 39,6 % der Bevölkerung keine Religion (Atheisten oder Agnostizismus), 5,6 % waren Muslime, 2,5 % waren Anhänger anderer Glaubensrichtungen und die übrigen 0,4 % waren unentschlossen über ihren Glauben. Französisch-Polynesien. ), Spanisch (1,2 %, 0,77 Mio.) Frankreich verfügt über ein sehr gut ausgebautes soziales Sicherungsnetz, das durch hohe Steuern und Sozialabgaben finanziert wird. Between 2006–08, about 40% of newborns in France had one foreign-born grandparent (11% born in another European country, 16% born in the Maghreb and 12% born in another region of the world). the border into France. The demography of France is … The law also allows for an exception for public institutions such as the INED or the INSEE whose job it is to collect data on demographics, social trends and other related subjects, on condition that the collection of such data has been authorized by the National Commission for Computer-stocked data and Freedom (CNIL) and the National Council of Statistical Information (CNIS).[64]. [21], The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. Im Jahr 2019 waren rund 17,8 Prozent der Bevölkerung Frankreichs zwischen 0 und 14 Jahre alt, rund 61,8 Prozent zwischen 15 und 64 Jahre und rund 20,4 Prozent 65 Jahre und älter. 18/12/2020. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License ; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply. [87] According to Emmanuel Todd, the relatively high exogamy among French Algerians can be explained by the colonial link between France and Algeria. 1.6 million European pieds noirs settlers migrated from Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco. [121][122], According to other sources, between 5 and 6 million people of Maghrebin origin live in France corresponding to about 7–9% of the total French metropolitan population. The expulsions of ethnic Chinese from Vietnam in the 1970s led to a wave of immigration and the settlement of the high-rise neighbourhood near the Porte d'Italie, where the Chinatown of Paris is located. 0,5 % pro Jahr. [28] Die Sprache spielt eine wichtige Rolle in der französischen Identität und Kultur und wurde durch das französische Kolonialreich in der gesamten Welt verbreitet, so dass sie heute zu den weltweit am meisten gesprochenen Sprachen gehört. 18/12/2020. miles). Bevölkerungspyramiden: Deutschland - 2019. [25] Es gibt auch beträchtliche Minderheiten anderer europäischer ethnischer Gruppen, zu den größten gehören Spanier, Portugiesen, Polen und Griechen. During the Middle Ages more than one quarter of Europe's population was French; by the 17th century it was still one fifth. It is, in fact, the highest in Europe after Ireland (the EU) and Albania (perhaps higher than Ireland's) and so most population growth is due to natural increase, unlike in the other European countries. Starting around 1800, the historical evolution of the population in France has been atypical in Europe. [46] Einwanderer kamen außerdem aus Subsahara-Afrika (Senegal, Mali und weiteren französischsprachigen Ländern) und den Überseegebieten (Martinique, Guadeloupe, Réunion, Französisch-Guayana, Französisch-Polynesien und Mayotte) sowie Vietnam als Folge des Vietnamkriegs. Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Il n'y en avait guère qui, en remontant un peu, ne rencontrassent dans leur généalogie quelque grand-mère sarrasine ou juive.". Nationalen Institut für Statistik und Wirtschaft, deutschen Besetzung Frankreichs im Zweiten Weltkrieg, Population totale par sexe et âge au 1 er janvier 2017, France métropolitaine−Bilan démographique 2016 – Insee,, GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Fertility Demographic balance sheet 2017 – Retrospective tables,, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. As the new immigrants were already culturally French, they needed little time to adjust to French society. With in-depth features, Expatica brings the international community closer together. Immigrant groups from former French colonies and elsewhere have also brought their own languages. The population of France is growing by 1,000,000 people every three years- an average annual increase of 340,000 people, or +0.6%. [46] The percentage for Île-de-France was a significant increase from 54.2% in 2005. Both left and right supported pro-natalist policies; even the French Communist Party ended its opposition to anti-birth control and anti-abortion laws in 1936, and its leader Maurice Thorez advocated for the "protection of family and childhood". From 1935 deaths exceeded births; the press widely discussed the country's decreasing population. [32] Die derzeitige jüdische Gemeinde in Frankreich (2016 sind etwa 0,8 % der Bevölkerung Juden) ist die größte in Europa und die drittgrößte der Welt nach der in Israel und den Vereinigten Staaten. Knoema compresses the complex data discovery to analysis workflow from countless hours to minutes, saving clients time, energy and budget in utilizing data to reach their analysis and business goals, all in one comprehensive platform suitable for technical and non-technical professionals alike. The other major European powers, such as the UK or Germany, still had high fertility rates, so immigration was seen as unnecessary, and it was also undesirable to the vast majority of their populations. Figures from eurostat for metropolitan France and the overseas departments: As of 2004, French conservative think-tank Institut Montaigne estimated that there were 51 million (85%) white people of European origin, 6 million (10%) North African people, 2 million (3.5%) Black people and 1 million (1.5%) people of Asian origin in Metropolitan France, including all generations of immigrant descendants. By the beginning of the twentieth century, other European countries, such as Germany and Russia, had caught up with France and overtaken it in number of people. "Les premiers musulmans arrivèrent en France à la suite de l'occupation de l'Espagne par les Maures, il y a plus d'un millénaire, et s'installèrent dans les environs de Toulouse – et jusqu'en Bourgogne. Largest Cities in France CITY NAME According to the French Institute, the increase resulting from the financial crisis that hit several European countries in that period, has pushed up the number of Europeans installed in France. [65] This is due to waves of Italian immigration, notably during the late 19th century and early 20th century. Seit 2004 nimmt die Zahl der Rumänen und Bulgaren in Frankreich zu. Bevölkerungspyramiden der Welt von 1950 bis 2100. (2009). Januar 2018 lebten in Frankreich 67.186.638 Menschen, einschließlich aller fünf überseeischen Département (2.141.000 Einwohner), jedoch ohne die überseeischen Gebiete und Territorien (604.000 Einwohner). [11] Der Erste Weltkrieg stellte für das Land ein beispielloses Desaster dar, welches zu einem nationalen Trauma wurde. [38] 2018 hatten 7 % der Bevölkerung eine ausländische Staatsangehörigkeit (2008 waren es noch 5,8 %). Bevölkerungspyramiden: Frankreich - 2019. [67][68] An influx of The following is a list of the twenty largest aires urbaines (metropolitan areas) in France, based on their population at the 2015 census. Besonders hoch ist dieser Anteil bei Jugendlichen mit Abstammung aus der Maghreb-Region, Afrika südlich der Sahara oder den Überseegebieten, was das Gefühl von Diskriminierung und Perspektivlosigkeit unter diesen Bevölkerungsgruppen befördert. Für alle anderen Religionsgruppen im Land wird eine Stagnation oder ein Rückgang prognostiziert.[37]. In 2008, the immigrant unemployment rate in France was a startling 13%, twice as high as for the national population (6%). A nation's GDP at official exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral … Laut dem am 16.1.2018 vom französischen Statistikamt INSEE herausgegebenen Jahresbericht ist die Zahl der Einwohner in Frankreich 2017 um 233.000 Personen auf 67.187.000 Mio. Meanwhile, 14% of all immigrants who settled in France that year were from Asian countries: 3% of China and 2% in Turkey, while in America and Oceania constitute 10% of Americans and Brazilians accounted for higher percentage, 2% each.[8]. 2013 lag die Nettoeinwanderung nach Frankreich bei 107.000 Personen. Die Demographie Frankreichs ist geprägt von einer vergleichsweise hohen Geburtenrate und einer zunehmenden Überalterung. One reason for this could be France's relatively high unemployment, which the country has struggled to reduce for the past two decades. Diese Personen gelten nicht als Ausländer, werden in den meisten Fällen jedoch de facto als ethnische Minderheiten wahrgenommen. Frankreich. [1] [2] A presença humana lá parece ter sido contínua durante o Neolítico. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. 6 Millionen Mitte des 9. $110,440 (2017 est.) The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France , … Aufgrund des hohen Entwicklungsstandes des Landes begann der demografische Übergang, der im fortgeschrittenen Zustand zu einem Sinken des Bevölkerungswachstums führt, in Frankreich bereits früh. As of 1 January 2020, 67 million people lived in France, including the 13 metropolitan regions (64,898,000), which is mainland France located in Europe and the 5 overseas regions (2,166,000), but excluding the overseas collectivities and territories (604,000). Related StoriesRecord-breaking KSW champion Phil De Fries wants a cold beer, and his next bout agreementJordan Espinosa tests positive for COVID-19; Tim Elliott fight rescheduled for UFC 259 - EnclosureJordan Espinosa tests positive for COVID-19; Tim Elliott fight rescheduled for UFC … Dennoch gibt es Nachholbedarf bei der Kinderbetreuung und der Gleichstellung der Frauen in der Gesellschaft. [57][58], Jährliche Entwicklung verschiedener demografischer Indikatoren:[59][60][61]. $54.925 billion (2018 est.) Paris (French pronunciation: [paʁi] ) is the capital and most populous city of France , with an estimated population of 2,148,271 residents as of 2020, in an area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles). Indonesien. Integration is one of the pillars of its political aims.[92]. [73], In the 20th century, France experienced a high rate of immigration from other countries. Siehe auch die Anzahl der Migranten für dieses Land. The immigration rate was particularly high during the 1920s and 1930s. (...) Ces nobles du Midi étaient des gens d'esprit qui savaient bien la plupart que penser de leur noblesse. The slow growth of France's population in the 19th century was reflected in the country's very low emigration rate. Anders als im übrigen Europa gab es in Frankreich in der 19. und ersten Hälfte des 20. FMH-Ärztestatistik 2019 – hohe Abhängigkeit vom Ausland Stefanie Hostettlera, Esther Kraftb a Dr. sc. In Frankreich werden auch regionale Sprachen gesprochen, wie Okzitanisch, Bretonisch, Katalanisch, Flämisch (niederländischer Dialekt), Korsisch, Elsässisch (deutscher Dialekt) und Baskisch. [30], Die Mehrheit der Christen gehört der römisch-katholischen Kirche an. [8] France had to open its doors to immigration, which was the only way to prevent population decline between the two world wars.[74]. For the purpose of compatibility, all data refers to Metropolitan France, Source: UN World Population Prospects[30]. Kohleverbrauch in Frankreich bis 2019; Ausfuhr von Steinkohlenkoks nach Frankreich; Frankreich - Index zu den Wasserpreisen im privaten Sektor; Französische Arzneimittelexporte - Wichtigste Absatzmärkte 2000 und 2011; Umfrage zur Preisgabe von Daten im Internet nach Altersgruppen in Deutschland 2015; Verbreitung von Cannabiskonsum in Frankreich; Bruttoinlandsprodukt - Frankreich; Verkaufszahlen … 80 % (1960 noch ca. [127] This Convention is a treaty to protect migrant workers' rights, in recognition of their human rights. Die Geburtenraten in der Europäischen Union fallen mit durchschnittlich … The US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2004. Zum 1. On 3 November 2011 it hosted … This satellite photo shows Northwest Europe. According to the authors "these results cannot be attributed to recent events because of the knowledge of the grandparents' origin" in the sample. [2] Frankreich war historisch betrachtet für lange Zeit das bevölkerungsreichste Land in Europa. Frankreich liegt damit im Mittelfeld unter den OECD-Staaten. [50] Die nationale Armutsquote lag 2016 bei 14 %. Laut der Umfrage zur Erwachsenenbildung von 2007, die Teil eines Projekts der Europäischen Union war und vom INSEE in Frankreich durchgeführt wurde und auf einer Stichprobe von 15.350 Personen beruhte, war Französisch die Muttersprache von 87,2 % der Gesamtbevölkerung oder rund 55,81 Millionen Personen, gefolgt von Arabisch (3,6 %, 2,30 Mio. [citation needed] These percentages vary widely among French regions; for example, in 2015, screening suggested that only 8.1% of children born in Brittany had a parent originating from a sickle-cell risk region, while 73.4% of children born in Île-de-France (which includes Paris) did. In 2014, the National Institute of Statistics (INSEE is its acronym in French) published a study, according to which the numbers of Spanish, Portuguese and Italians in France doubled between 2009 and 2012. Irland (Insel) Island. Source: Louis Henry and Yves Blayo.[23]. [88][89] One illustration of this growing resentment and job insecurity can be drawn from related events, such as the 2005 riots, which ensued in former President Chirac declaring a state of emergency. Jahrhundert hatte das Land Einwanderungswellen erlebt. [130] The report is being finalized at the end of December 2010 and will be most relevant to provide insight into further immigration policy analysis for the French government. [44], The scope of foreign origin can be estimated by the National Screening Program for Sickle Cell Disease because the genetic disease very rarely affects European people. It had reached 66,000,000 in early 2014. Deutschland besitzt die geringste Geburtenrate in der Europäischen Union mit 8,221 Geburten pro Tausend Einwohnern und Jahr. [123], As mentioned above, the French Ministry of Immigration, Integration, National Identity and Codevelopment was created immediately following the appointment of Nicolas Sarkozy as president of France in 2007. Immigrants are concentrated in Île-de-France, Rhone-Alpes, Provence and Côte d'Azur regions, accounting for 60% of the total immigrant population. [5] Between the years 2010–17, the population of France grew from 64,613,000 to 66,991,000 (i.e. This poll measured the extent of support for restricting immigration among French nationals, by age cohort. 1550 hatte Frankreich mit 19 % der Bevölkerung die höchste Alphabetisierung in Europa (in Italien lag sie bei 18 %, in Deutschland bei 16 % und in Schweden bei 1 %). Im Jahr 2010 hatten 27,3 % der Neugeborenen im französischen Mutterland mindestens einen im Ausland geborenen Elternteil und 23,9 % mindestens einen außerhalb Europas geborenen Elternteil (in Übersee geborene Eltern gelten als in Frankreich geboren).[27]. Juni 2009 in Oldenburg. France (French: ), officially the French Republic (French: République française), is a country, primarily located in Western Europe, consisting of metropolitan France and several overseas regions and territories. Haplogroups I and G are also characteristic markers for many different West European populations. [102], In the first decade of the 21st century, the net migration rate was estimated to be 0.66 migrants per 1,000 population a year. 18/12/2020. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for … Folgende Tabelle gibt Überblick über die historische Bevölkerungsentwicklung von Frankreich (Metropolitan):[16][17]. From the time of Charlemagne until the emergence of Protestantism in the sixteenth century, France was one of the main powers in a continent where Catholicism was - except in orthodox areas - the only mainstream form of Christianity. Welche Auswirkungen hat das auf die französischen Gesellschaft? Es wird deshalb ein langfristiges Ansteigen der Bevölkerung auf ca. In fertility rates, 2.1 and above is a stable population and has been marked blue, 2 and below leads to an aging population and the result is that the population decreases. European historical statistics, 1750-1975. … GDP (official exchange rate): This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. Israel. Lors de la célèbre, et en partie mythologique, bataille de Poitiers en 732, dont les historiens reconsidèrent aujourd'hui l'importance, Charles Martel aurait stoppé la progression des envahisseurs arabes. The table below gives the number of children born in metropolitan France according to the place of birth of both parents. Jamaika. According to INSEE, since 2004, 200,000 immigrants entered the country annually. Er setzt sich zusammen aus einem Geburtenüberschuss von 164.000, was dem niedrigsten Wert seit … … Die Mehrheit der Einwanderer in den 1920er Jahren stammten aus Italien und Polen, ab den 1930er Jahren auch aus anderen süd- und osteuropäischen Ländern sowie aus französischen Kolonien in Afrika und Asien. Jahrhundert erlebt hat, ab. However, immigration from Asia (especially China), as well as from Sub-Saharan Africa (Senegal, Mali) is gaining in importance. According to the French Institute, the increase resulting from the financial crisis that hit several European countries in that period, has pushed up the number of Europeans installed in France. Bevölkerungsdicht. Einwohner gestiegen. Life expectancy in Metropolitan France from 1818 to 1950. Ein bedeutender Teil der Juden aus dem Maghreb lebt zudem heute in Frankreich. Als ursächlich dafür gilt die Familienpolitik des Landes. Die Bevölkerung erlebte mit dem Königreich Frankreich einen langsamen, aber stetigen Aufschwung. Between 1956 and 1967, about 235.000 Sephardic North African Jews from Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco also immigrated to France because of the decline of the French colonial empire and following the Six-Day War. The most violent was a pogrom against Italian workers who worked in the salt evaporation ponds of Peccais, erupted in Aigues-Mortes in 1893, killing at least nine and injuring hundreds on the Italian side.[77]. Dans le département de la Creuse, dans les Hautes-Alpes, et notamment dans plusieurs localités situées autour de Montmaure (montagne des Maures), dans le canton de Baignes (Charente), de même que dans certains villages des Landes, du Roussillon, du Languedoc, du Béarn, les descendants des Arabes sont facilement reconnaissables.". In einer Studie der Weltgesundheitsorganisation zur Bewertung von Gesundheitssystemen weltweit belegte Frankreich im Jahr 2000 den ersten Platz als das weltweit beste Gesundheitssystem. France also has many territories, including Clipperton Island, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and others.. France Demographics. There is also a parallel dynamic between immigration and unemployment.