The last King of the 3rd Dynasty, King Huni, built the Pyramid of Meidum in the style of a step pyramid. It was an optional extra on my Egyptian holiday so here I was. There you have to pay an entrance ticket, it costs 16LE( 3$) and to use your camera you have to get a camera ticket that will cost you 5 LE (1$). Started as a Step Pyramid but then converted into a true pyramid, the pyramid at Meidum marks the transition from the Early Dynastic Period to the Old Kingdom. Ricke has suggested that the myth of Osiris was incorporated into the worship of the dead king at around this time and that this caused a theological shift towards solar rather than stellar religion which in turn altered the form of the pyramid from step to true and the orientation away from North-South to East-West. Inside the Bent Pyramid, an inscription with Snefru's name and a stela discovered by archaeologists alongside the neighboring, subsidiary pyramid shows Snofru himself.) I usually take my groups there but first I always make sure that they are fit to do it, as it is tiring but worth the visit. The Plan of the Pyramid . It was then turned into the first true pyramid by filing in the steps and capping them with limestone. It has a corbelled roof that is not well done and the rest of the room is empty. It would most likely have run around two hundred meters to connect with the valley temple at the edge of the Nile, but due to the marshy nature of the ground and the high water level no evidence of this building has been found. It contains a large pyramid and several mudbrick mastabas. The entrance of the pyramid is located almost 30 meters above the ground level in the northern side of the pyramid. You can drive on the Fayoum oasis road and then join the Asyout desert road, after about 77KM you can see the pyramid of Mydoum on your left side. In 2001 a French team of Egyptologists found a small corridor at the end of the wooden ladder that takes you up to the burial chamber, it is about 3 meters long. Required fields are marked *, One of the forgotten sites and rarely found in the regular tourist itineraries, as most of the visitors nowadays follow a very traditional itinerary, which mainly includes the traditional sites such as Giza pyramids and the step pyramid in Sakkara. The most famous is what we call the scene of the geese of Mydoum. Unfortunately the mummification temple has been destroyed and nothing left of it.. We are a team of professionals who specialize in tourism in Egypt with over 15 years of experience. On your way up you will notice some huge beams of cedar wood that are 4600 years old. It was a step pyramid at first, like Djoser's. It was plundered by tomb robbers thousands of years ago. Meidum Pyramid: Meidum Pyramid, down near Fayoum - See 89 traveller reviews, 63 candid photos, and great deals for El Wasta, Egypt, at Tripadvisor. In front of the eastern side of the pyramid you will find a small funerary temple that is still intact. The pyramid of Mydoum was built by the last king of the third dynasty king “HUNI” in the style of a step pyramid, it was originally 8 steps on top of each other. You simply drive along the road that takes you to Sakkara, past the site of Sakkara and drive straight for about an hour, or until you can see the pyramid. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. No pharaoh would ever put their inscription on this failure, for fear it would be their legacy. The Pyramid of Meidum is built of limestone blocks. When the pyramid was complete it is estimated that its proportions were similar to those of the Great Pyramid but it is likely that the pyramid began to crumble during the reign of Sneferu and that this may have contributed to his decision to alter the angle of his pyramid at Dashur in mid construction. The pyramid was 93 m high and built on square base that measures about 114 m long. There we found some great paintings considered the best and the oldest ever found in a tomb, exhibited in the Egyptian Museum in the same room as you will see the statues of Ra hotep and his wife. It was Borchardt who first realised that this was because the pyramid was built in three stages with the design altering at each point. According to researchers, Meidum might have been the second pyramid completed after Djoser’s. On the east side of the large open courtyard created by this wall there was a large mastaba possibly intended for the Crown Prince. By the fifteenth century the Egyptian historian al-Maqrizi recorded that only five steps remained and by the time it was surveyed by Napoleon’s men only three steps were still in place. It is one the greatest master pieces of the Egyptian museum. Required fields are marked *, Enquiry about the Tour availability or anything you’d like to know. They investigated the inside of the pyramid and discovered the pyramid temple, an approach causeway, and a series of private tombs in the area around the pyramid. The entrance of the pyramid is located almost 30 meters above the ground level in the northern side of the pyramid. Then you will find a larger passage way and huge blocks of limestone, midway across this tunnel you will find the entrance to the burial chamber, it is so impressive, so elegant, all of limestone. However, in the final stage blocks were laid horizontally, which both reduced the cohesion of the layers of the monument and made the work of stone thieves easier. There you will find the tomb of Ra-Hotep and his wife Nofert. By the fifteenth century, the Egyptian historian al-Maqrizi recorded that only five steps remained and by the time it was surveyed by Napoleon’s men only three steps were still in place. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Meidum, Maydum or Maidum is an archaeological site in Upper Egypt. Snefru was identified as owner of the pyramid … From the entrance on the north face an unusually high fifteen meters above ground level, a steep passage descends to meet a horizontal passage just below ground level. Entering the tomb was a matter of quite a ways down, then up on some ladders, and finally arrival in the burial chamber which is unadorned, although the bats checking us out added a certain 'inside the pyramid' charm to the place. The pyramid at Meidum is thought to be just the second pyramid built after Djoser's and may have been originally built for Huni, the last pharaoh of the Third Dynasty, and continued by Sneferu. During the first two stages of building, the blocks were angled towards the middle of the pyramid (as was done with the pyramid of Djoser) which increased stability. When the workers were 2/3 finished the pyramid became unstable because the slope was too steep. When you enter the temple, notice that in front of the door at the western wall you can see the black graffiti that was left by the travelers from the 19th dynasty who came there and recorded their visit. The pyramid is generally attributed to Pharaoh Sneferu, the king behind the two pyramids at Dahshur and the father of Khufu.Most Egyptologists believe that Sneferu built a step pyramid at Meidum before going on to build the Bent and Red pyramids. Choose to start, finish, or center your holiday on a trip to Meidum Pyramid by using our El Wasta trip planner. It is hard today to believe that one king did actually have 3tombs built for him, the two pyramids in Dahshour, and a third one in Mydoum. Meidum Pyramid is a bit off the normal tourist route. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Finally, the first examinations of the Meidum Pyramid found everything below the surface of the rubble mound fully intact. The pyramid of Meidum is often known as the “collapsed pyramid” because of its ruined state. After a long interruption Petrie again returned to Meidum with Egyptologists, Ernest Mackay and Gerald Wainright. The one at Meidum is believed to have collapsed as the builders tried transforming it from a step pyramid to a smooth-sided one. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. The first of these, the pyramid of Meidum, collapsed in antiquity, while the second, the Bent pyramid, had the angle of inclination altered from 54 ° to 43 ° in the middle of its construction. After we went through the gates a car with 4 guards led us out to the pyramid and stayed while we went inside. Archaeologists agree that the stepped pyramid was built by pharaoh Huni who reigned about 2599 - 2575 BC and that Snefru who reigned about 2575 to 2551 BC converted it to a true pyramid . The burial chamber is very small if compared with other burial chambers found inside other pyramids. The inside of Meidum’s pyramid also features an important architectural mark. The pyramid of Mydoum has a special magic, in my opinion the visit to this collapsed pyramid of Mydoum is very worthwhile. The burial chamber is the first to have been cut into the core of the pyramid and, to bear the weight of masonry above, it has a corbelled roof. On the south side of the courtyard there is a ruined satellite pyramid which is the oldest known example of a cult pyramid. Your choices will not impact your visit. This pyramid was 25 miles north of the Meidum Pyramid. The pyramid of Maidum was originally a seven-stepped pyramid. It has often been assumed that the original builder of this Step Pyramid was Huni, the last king of the 3rd Dynasty. Today it is strongly believed it had been the work of Huni in the first place and then completed by his son after his death. He was the first king of Egypt’s 4th Dynasty. There is some evidence that the pyramid was built within the first fifteen years of his reign and then he abandoned Meidum for Dashur. The pyramid at Meydum was the first of these three buildings. Originally built as a stepped pyramid, Meidum was later converted into what is known as a ‘true pyramid’, defined with smoothed surfaces, just over 300 feet (92 meters) tall. Meidum (Maidum) is the location of a necropolis used during the Old Kingdom, particularly in the fourth dynasty by Sneferu and members of his family. To the east of the pyramid, there is another set of tombs dating back to the 4th dynasty. It was originally designed as a seven step pyramid with a further step being added once construction was in a fairly advanced stage. The pyramid is called today the collapsed pyramid as it looks from afar like a huge tower. With the pyramid of Sekhemkhet at Saqqara and the pyramid at Zawyet el-Aryan, credited to Khaba being left unfinished, the one at Meidum was the second large-scale Step Pyramid to have been completed. Before the Pyramid at Meidum was built, the only preceding pyramids were all "step" or "layer" pyramids. While inside, look up to see a corbeled ceiling. This passage has two small niches, on the east and west walls, the purpose of which is not clear. These tombs yielded great treasure to the Egyptian Museum. Meidum Pyramid is a bit off the normal tourist route. It leads to a descending corridor that goes for 54m, it is unique among all the descending corridors in that you don’t have to bend down to enter it, unless you are really a tall person… Here you have to have a torch to light your way, as most of the lamps are broken (I have told the inspectors there several times to change them, but no one cared). In older literature king Huni of the Third Dynasty is often named as the owner of the pyramid at Meydum. I can simply call it a virgin site. Following the tradition that was started by the funerary monument of the Horus Netjerikhet at Saqqara, this pyramid was started as a Step Pyramid. It took the ancient Egyptians about 400 years to progress from using building materials such as wood, reeds, and mudbrick to smooth-sided pyramids. It is the highlight of the visit. Our stay inside the pyramid was short and rushed, as by that time it was nearing dusk. This graffiti on the eastern wall of the temple, was left by some ancient Egyptian travelers from the time of the 19th dynasty (1300 BC) recording their admiration of the great structure that King Senfru had built in Mydoum. This pyramid was probably built during the reign of the 4th Dynasty King named Sneferu. The whole complex is surrounded by an enclosure wall, traces of which remain. The Bent Pyramid at Dahshur marked a clear departure in architectural styles, signalizing the arrival of smooth-sided pyramids. The Meidum pyramid may have been first built for Sneferu's father Huni, but Sneferu certainly finished it, and it is named after Sneferu. In the last few years I have led special groups to that pyramid. Like other pyramids, it was built in accretion layers. In front of the northern side of the pyramid about 300 meters to the north there is a set up of tombs built in the time of the fourth dynasty and found in 1855. Visitors Can Now Explore Hidden Tombs Inside Two Newly Opened Pyramids in Ancient Egypt. Others suggested they related to a burial in the pyramid, but no sarcophagus was found inside the chamber and there is no evidence that Sneferu or anyone else was ever buried in this pyramid. The Bent Pyramid located at Dahshur was the next attempt to build a true pyramid. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. There was also a causeway cut into the bedrock and paved with limestone but this is largely ruined. It is tempting to see this pyramid as a practice run for his later, better constructed, pyramids at Dashur. When Maspero first entered the burial chamber he found ropes and beams which he thought may have been left by tomb robbers. The chapel at the Bent Pyramid is similar to the one at the Meidum Pyramid. Cookies that are necessary to enable my site to function. But nobody was ever actually buried in the Meidum pyramid, and the two stelae inside remain unmarked, furthering the idea that it was abandoned mid-construction. pyramid of Meidum, Egypt. The corridor connects with a vertical shaft which rises ten meters to meet a small burial chamber. Sneferu is credited with having erected three pyramids: One at Meidum and two at Dahshur. And at the end of this room you will find a wooden ladder that leads up to the burial chamber. 14. The pyramid of Meidum is often known as the “collapsed pyramid” because of its ruined state. I just hope they keep doing this. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. The pyramid is called today the collapsed pyramid as it looks from afar like a huge tower. Every time I go there I get overwhelmed with the place and the feeling that there still dozens of secrets in this site uncovered, I feel it never had the chance to have a proper investigation.