[120] This has been the guiding organizational principle of the party since the 5th National Congress, held in 1927. Other reported techniques include the use of induced hallucinations, with one subject of this method reporting that "In the end I was so exhausted, I agreed to all the accusations against me even though they were false. Congressman Scott Perry introduced legislation to add the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to the Top International Criminal Organizations Target (TICOT) List and provide the United States law enforcement agencies a strategic directive to target the CCP's activity. Stojanovic went to Guangzhou, Mamaev went to Wuhan, and Broway went to Beijing to help Chinese establish communist groups. [155] The number of delegates and the procedures for their election are decided by the local party committee, but must also have the approval of the next higher party committee. He went missing in March after criticizing Xi, and later his case was passed to the judiciary system for criminal investigation. The command economy established under Mao Zedong was replaced by the socialist market economy under Deng Xiaoping, the current economic system, on the basis that "Practice is the Sole Criterion for the Truth". [25] Chen was very passionate about anarchism until Grigori Voitinsky went to China. Niemand wird die Kommunistische Partei brechen, ohne auch das chinesische Volk zu brechen!" [130] The Politburo "exercises the functions and powers of the Central Committee when a plenum is not in session". "The flag of the CCP has the length-to-width proportion of 3:2 with a hammer and sickle in the upper-left corner, and with no five-pointed star. After the KMT captured Wuhan in October 1926, the leftist movement promoted by the CCP and the Comintern quickly got out of control. [199], On 1 October 2020, U.S. [51] Then the CCP renamed their forces as ″the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army of China″. [59] Around the same time, the CCP launched an invasion of Manchuria, where they were assisted by the Soviet Union. [65][66] Mao said that China should implement a multi-party system under the leadership of the working class revolutionary party (CCP) on the CCP's 8th Congress in 1956. The Political Bureau authorizes the General Office to custom-make a number of standard flags and distribute them to all major organs". Anmeldung und Nutzung des Forums sind kostenlos. [136] The CNSC "co-ordinates security strategies across various departments, including intelligence, the military, foreign affairs and the police in order to cope with growing challenges to stability at home and abroad. The CCP leads eight other legally permitted subordinate minor parties together as the United Front. [159] Probationary members have duties similar to those of full members, with the exception that they may not vote in party elections nor stand for election. Partia e Punës e Shqipërisë (PPSh), von 1941 bis 1991, kommunistisch; Partia Komuniste e Shqipërisë (1991), kommunistisch Partia Komuniste e Shqipërisë 8 Nëntori, kommunistisch They therefore believe that their party ideology must be dynamic to safeguard the party's rule. Ähnliche Begriffe. Party committees permeate in every state administrative organ as well as the People's Consultation Conferences and mass organizations at all levels. [120] Mao once quipped that democratic centralism was "at once democratic and centralized, with the two seeming opposites of democracy and centralization united in a definite form." [49] That May, thousands of communists and their sympathizers were killed by nationalists, with the CCP losing approximately 50,000 members (many quited party). Planning and market forces are both ways of controlling economic activity". [155], As of 30 June 2016, individuals who identify as farmers, herdsmen and fishermen make up 26 million members; members identifying as workers totalled 7.2 million. [30] He was referred as "China's Lenin". ", "It is my will to join the Communist Party of China, uphold the Party's program, observe the provisions of the Party constitution, fulfill a Party member's duties, carry out the Party's decisions, strictly observe Party discipline, guard Party secrets, be loyal to the Party, work hard, fight for communism throughout my life, be ready at all times to sacrifice my all for the Party and the people, and never betray the Party. [59] By 1945, the KMT had three-times more soldiers under its command than the CCP and initially appeared to be prevailing. [2] In April 1920, the Foreign Affairs Division of its Vladivostok Branch sent Voitinsky to develop Marxism in China, Korea and Japan. Frank Pieke, The Good Communist: Elite Training and State Building in Today’s China (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009). [52] He attacked Changsha, but failed; by 15 September, he accepted defeat, with 1,000 survivors marching east to the Jinggang Mountains of Jiangxi. [55] By 1935 Mao had become the party's Politburo Standing Committee member and informal military leader, with Zhou Enlai and Zhang Wentian, the formal head of the party, serving as his informal deputies. The CCP headed the Central People's Government. [168] Delegates of foreign communist parties still visit China; in 2013, for instance, the General Secretary of the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP), Jeronimo de Sousa, personally met with Liu Qibao, a member of the Central Politburo. [38][note 2] Sun eased the conflict between the communists and their opponents. - Jetzt registrieren! [60] In the meantime, the KMT was struggling with factional infighting and Chiang Kai-shek's autocratic control over the party, which weakened the KMT's ability to respond to attacks. [155] During its tenure, a Party Committee shall "carry out the directives of the next higher Party organizations and the resolutions of the Party congresses at the corresponding levels. [55] At every level of the party this was duplicated, with standing committees now in effective control. [151] The State Council and the Supreme Court each has a party core group (党组), established since November 1949. Dies ist eine Liste von Persönlichkeiten der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas (Abk. Data for the proportion of total CCP organizations’ expenditures in total China fiscal revenue is unavailable. [149] The theoretical magazines Seeking Truth from Facts and Study Times are published by the Central Party School. Mao Zedong was appointed commander-in-chief of one Red Army, and led the Autumn Harvest Uprising. [61], On 1 October 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong formally proclaimed the establishment of the PRC before a massive crowd at Tiananmen Square. The CCP leads eight other legally permitted subordinate minor parties together as the United Front. The Communist Party of Germany (German: Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, KPD) was a major political party in the Weimar Republic between 1918 and 1933, an underground resistance movement in Nazi Germany, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956. [59] Notwithstanding its huge numerical superiority, the KMT failed to reconquer the rural territories which made up the CCP's stronghold. Commentators have described the campaign as a defining part of Xi's leadership as well as "the principal reason why he has been able to consolidate his power so quickly and effectively. Die kommunistische Partei nutzt in China den Fußball als Vorzeigebeispiel für ihr Streben nach einer gleichförmigen Gesellschaft. Officially, the CCP is committed to communism and continues to participate in the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties each year. [159] According to the CCP constitution, a member, in short, must follow orders, be disciplined, uphold unity, serve the Party and the people, and promote the socialist way of life. Deutschland ist für die Kommunistische Partei Chinas einer der wichtigsten strategischen Partner in der Eurozone. [104] Jiang disagreed, and had concluded that attaining the communist mode of production, as formulated by earlier communists, was more complex than had been realized, and that it was useless to try to force a change in the mode of production, as it had to develop naturally, by following the economic laws of history. In a 20-minute audio on social networking sites, she said that everyone is Xi's slave, and that there is no human rights or rule of law. III, p. 519. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFLi2009 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFYu2010 (, Guo, Baogang. The red color symbolizes revolution; the hammer-and-sickle are tools of workers and peasants, meaning that the Communist Party of China represents the interests of the masses and the people; the yellow color signifies brightness. [120] But for democracy to be implemented, and functioning properly, there needs to be centralization. [64] Then the Constitution of the PRC in 1954 changed the previous coalition government and established the CCP’s sole ruling system. For instance, Hu Jintao stated in 2012 that the Western world is "threatening to divide us" and that "the international culture of the West is strong while we are weak ... Ideological and cultural fields are our main targets". [182] Communication between the CCP and the PCC has increased considerably since the 1990s, hardly a month going by without a diplomatic exchange. [76] It was at this gathering that Jiang Zemin introduced the term socialist market economy, which replaced Chen Yun's "planned socialist market economy". [101], The "Three Represents", Jiang Zemin's contribution to the party's ideology, was adopted by the party at the 16th National Congress. [116] A member of the Politburo Standing Committee often represents a sector; during Mao's reign, he controlled the People's Liberation Army, Kang Sheng, the security apparatus, and Zhou Enlai, the State Council and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. [63], Stalin proposed a one-party constitution when Liu Shaoqi visited the Soviet Union in 1952. The CCP was founded in 1921, with the help of the Far Eastern Bureau of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Far Eastern Secretariat of the Communist International. According to this report, the fiscal Revenue amounted to RMB 29,498,933.58, and CCP organization' expenditures amounted to RMB 1,660,115.50, that is, 5.63% of fiscal revenue is used by the CCP for its own operation. [30] 12 delegates attended the congress, with neither Li nor Chen being able to attend. [79] Hu Jintao, Jiang Zemin's successor as General Secretary, took office in 2002. US-Außenminister Mike Pompeo hat die in China regierende Kommunistische Partei als „die zentrale Bedrohung unserer Zeit“ für westliche Prinzipien bezeichnet. Sowohl die Registrierung als auch die Nutzung des Trainers sind kostenlos. [128], The Central Committee, as the party's highest decision-making institution between national congresses, elects several bodies to carry out its work. Li Lisan was able to assume de facto control of the party organization by 1929–30. Ein anderer wichtiger Aspekt für die Fußballer …, What is KP?Here it is from the Sueddeutsche today:Für den Autobauer siegt das Geschäft über …, leo Partei CDU Bin mir nicht sicher welches Wort ich einsetzen muss, Sein Satz "Der Islam gehört inzwischen zu Deutschland" sorgte dabei für das größte Aufsehen –, Ich habe den folgenden Kontext: May selbst räumte mittlerweile Fehler ein. But this shift has brought us closer to classical Marxism. Kurzanleitung zum persönlichen Bereich (Mein LEO), Die erste Partei SIND die Fuballer... bzw. [90] Before the "Practice Is the Sole Criterion for the Truth [zh]" campaign, the relationship between ideology and decision-making was a deductive one, meaning that policy-making was derived from ideological knowledge. Vielen Dank, dass Sie unser Angebot durch eine Spende unterstützen wollen! From 1945 until 1949, the war had been reduced to two parties; the CCP and the KMT. Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch - leo.org: Startseite, SUCHWORT - LEO: Übersetzung im Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. The CCP emphasizes strong party-to-party relations with the KMT so as to strengthen the probability of the reunification of Taiwan with mainland China. The flag sleeve (pole hem) is in white and 6.5 cm in width. [136] Unlike the collective leadership ideal of other party organs, the CMC chairman acts as commander-in-chief with full authority to appoint or dismiss top military officers at will. "[155] To join, an applicant has to be between the ages of 14 and 28. [114] The insistence that globalization is not fixed in nature comes from Deng's insistence that China can pursue socialist modernization by incorporating elements of capitalism. 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[76] In 1997, Deng's beliefs (Deng Xiaoping Theory), were embedded in the CCP constitution. ... China, Kommunistische Partei, Überwachung, Xi Jinping, Peking, Mao Zedong; Kommentare. [135] The CMC is the highest decision-making institution on military affairs within the party, and controls the operations of the People's Liberation Army. [193] Despite this, the CCP reached an agreement in 2013 with the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), which was founded by Chávez, for the CCP to educate PSUV cadres in political and social fields. "[111] At the 15th National Congress, the party line was changed to "make market forces further play their role in resource allocation"; this line continued until the 3rd Plenary Session [zh] of the 18th Central Committee,[111] when it was amended to "let market forces play a decisive role in resource allocation. When the National Congress is not in session, the Central Committee is the highest body, but since the body meets normally only once a year most duties and responsibilities are vested in the Politburo and its Standing Committee, members of the latter seen as the top leadership of the Party and the State. [116] The concept has its origins back to Vladimir Lenin and the Russian Bolshevik Party. Klicken Sie einfach auf ein Wort, um die Ergebnisse erneut angezeigt zu bekommen. Das Sozialkredit-System (SKS, chinesisch 社会信用体系, Pinyin shèhuì xìnyòng tǐxì, englisch Social Credits) ist ein online betriebenes Rating- bzw. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer [78] In the 1990s, the CCP transformed from a veteran revolutionary leadership that was both leading militarily and politically, to a political elite increasingly regenerated according to institutionalized norms in the civil bureaucracy. [23] The party's leader recently holds the offices of General Secretary (responsible for civilian party duties), Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) (responsible for military affairs) and State President (a largely ceremonial position). Sie steht über den Gesetzen. Und China ist auch nicht als Demokratie verkleidet. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'Kommunistische Partei Chinas' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "kommunistische Partei" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen. 3: 192 cm in length and 128 cm in width; no. [183] Circa 2008 there are those analysts who compare the current situation of North Korea with that of China during the Cultural Revolution. [197] On August 17, 2020, Cai Xia was expelled from the CCP's Central Party School and her retirement pensions were cancelled. "[137] The general secretary serves as the Chairman of the CNSC. [155] A Party Committee must convene for at least two plenary meetings a year. Lernen Sie eine neue Sprache - mit LEO ganz leicht! → People's Liberation Army), "Communist Party of China" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters, "Since 1978 China has to a certain extent shifted its political philosophical discourse. For example, classical Marxism expresses the relationship between economics and politics, and further, the economic base and superstructure where the latter is determined fundamentally by the former and only under certain limited conditions can the latter shape the former. [192], Circa 2008, the CCP has been especially interested in Latin America,[192] as shown by the increasing number of delegates sent to and received from these countries. Since the collapse of Eastern European communist governments in 1989–1990 and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the CCP has emphasized its party-to-party relations with the ruling parties of the remaining socialist states. In the end, the fight for Shanghai detonated the bleed. [184], There is a considerable degree of interest in Cuba within the CCP. Supporters viewed it as a further development of socialism with Chinese characteristics. ", Дундад улсын(Хятадын) Эв хамт(Kоммунист) Hам, Dumdad Ulcyn/Khyatadyn Kommunist(av khamt) Nam, Chinese Civil War and Second Sino-Japanese War (1927–1949), Founding the PRC (1949) and becoming the sole ruling party (1954–present), The slogans at Xinhuamen ("New China Gate", the main entrance to. [114] The reason being that if globalization was purely capitalist, it would exclude an alternative socialist form of modernity. Sie können aber jederzeit auch unangemeldet das Forum durchsuchen. In the center of the upper-left corner (a quarter of the length and width to the border) is a yellow hammer-and-sickle 30 cm in diameter. [97] According to Robert Lawrence Kuhn, a China analyst, "When I first heard this rationale, I thought it more comic than clever—a wry caricature of hack propagandists leaked by intellectual cynics. [155] A Standing Committee exercises the duties and responsibilities of the corresponding Party Committee when it is not in session. [27] The CCP continued supporting the Wuhan KMT,[50] On 15 July 1927 the Wuhan KMT finally expelled all communists. Theoretically, the highest body of the CCP is the National Congress, convened every fifth year. [154], Party committees exist at the level of provinces, cities, counties, and neighborhoods. USCC - China's Overseas United Front Work - Background and Implications for the United States.pdf 1,275 × 1,650, 39 pages; 1.13 MB Wang Guangya.jpg 194 … [181] While Chinese analysts of North Korea tend to speak positively of North Korea in public, in official discussions circa 2008 they show much disdain for North Korea's economic system, the cult of personality which pervades society, the Kim family, the idea of hereditary succession in a socialist state, the security state, the use of scarce resources on the Korean People's Army and the general impoverishment of the North Korean people. Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzung für: Kommunistische ... F 2018-01-14: Die Kommunistische Partei Chinas F 2012-06-10: teilweise kommunistische Erwartung... » Im Forum nach Kommunistische suchen » Im Forum nach Kommunistische fragen: Zuletzt gesucht. Chiang Kai-shek strongly opposed the analysis by CCP. Hinweis: Spenden an die LEO GmbH sind leider nicht steuerlich abzugsfähig. Seine Herrschaft war eine der grausamsten, welche die Welt jemals gesehen hat: Für bis zu … [95] Certain groups argue that Jiang Zemin ended the CCP's formal commitment to Marxism with the introduction of the ideological theory, the Three Represents. [120] Currently, the CCP is claiming that "democracy is the lifeline of the Party, the lifeline of socialism". [138], A first plenum of the Central Committee also elects heads of departments, bureaus, central leading groups and other institutions to pursue its work during a term (a "term" being the period elapsing between national congresses, usually five years). [193] Before the 1980s, the CCP had a highly negative and dismissive view of social democracy, a view dating back to the Second International and the Marxist–Leninist view on the social democratic movement. LEO.org: Ihr Wörterbuch im Internet für Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzungen, mit Forum, Vokabeltrainer und Sprachkursen. [92] Mao Zedong Thought was conceived not only by Mao Zedong, but by leading party officials. Noch Fragen? [195] By the 1980s, most European social democratic parties were facing electoral decline and in a period of self-reform. According to official statements by the CCP, the concept integrates "Marxism with the reality of contemporary China and with the underlying features of our times, and it fully embodies the Marxist worldview on and methodology for development. [155] Local party congresses are supposed to be held every fifth year, but under extraordinary circumstances they may be held earlier or postponed. To try to [182] In general the CPV is considered a model example of socialist development in the post-Soviet era. Die Kommunistische Partei China (chinesisch 中国共产党, Pinyin Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng) wurde im Juli 1921 in Shanghai auf der Grundlage des Marxismus und Leninismus gegründet. [58] Yet, by 1943, the CCP was again actively expanding its territory at the expense of the KMT. [167] On 28 April 1942, the Central Politburo decreed the establishment of a sole official flag. [94], While non-Chinese analysts generally agree that the CCP has rejected orthodox Marxism–Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought (or at least basic thoughts within orthodox thinking), the CCP itself disagrees. [164] It controls and supervises Young Pioneers, a youth organization for children below the age of 14. [61] The last stage, lasting from September 1948 to December 1949, saw the communists take the initiative and the collapse of KMT rule in mainland China as a whole. He strengthened the Party by providing a modern understanding of Marxism and socialism—which is why we talk about a 'socialist market economy' with Chinese characteristics. He helped Chen found the Shanghai Revolutionary Bureau, also known as the Shanghai Communist Group. [59] With the cooperation of the Americans and the Japanese, the KMT was able to retake major parts of the country. [159] Many join the CCP through the Communist Youth League. Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China, International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties, eight other legally permitted subordinate minor parties, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, collapse of Eastern European communist governments, second largest political party in the world, Practice Is the Sole Criterion for the Truth, universal laws governing the development of history of human society, Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Organization of the Communist Party of China, Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Communist Party of Bangladesh (Marxist–Leninist) (Barua), collapse of the Eastern European socialist states, Communication between the CCP and the PCC, Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development, Politics of the People's Republic of China, Succession of power in the People's Republic of China, "Relationship between CPC and the Communist Youth League of China", "Communist Youth League elects new leadership", "Company's use of red scarf draws ire of CYL", "ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS - Military and Security Developments Involving the People's Republic of China 2019", "Ideological and theoretical basis of CPC", "Infographic: The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era", "The tenth national congress of the Chinese communist party", "The Dialectical Relationship of the Chinese Communist Party and the PLA", "CHINA'S OVERSEAS UNITED FRONT WORK: BACKGROUND AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES", "Top political advisor stresses consolidating, developing patriotic united front", "History of the Communist Party of China", "1st. [57] While the front formally existed until 1945, all collaboration between the two parties had ended by 1940. The dimension of the pole hem is not included in the measure of the flag. Now He Faces Prosecution", "Perry Introduces Bill to Protect Americans from Chinese Criminal Activity", "STATEMENT BY THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS CONCERNING THE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION OF UYGHURS AND OTHER TURKIC MUSLIMS IN XINJIANG, CHINA", "Canada's Parliament Labels China's Abuses in Xinjiang 'Genocide,' Urges Government Action", "China slams Canada after report calls Uighur policy 'genocide, "Canadian MPs deem China's actions vs Uyghurs 'genocide, "Accountability and Inequality in Single-Party Regimes: A Comparative Analysis of Vietnam and China", "The Communist Party of China and Ideology", "Edging in from the Cold: The Past and Present State of Chinese Intelligence Historiography", "Intra-Party Democracy in China: Should We Take It Seriously? [27] Voitinsky found the Far Eastern Secretariat of the Communist International (Comintern) at Shanghai. To address these, Hu introduced two main ideological concepts: the Scientific Outlook on Development and Harmonious Socialist Society. [42] The peasants even robbed military supplies, but the communists had little change. [118] Before Jiang Zemin's tenure as paramount leader, the party core and collective leadership were indistinguishable. ", "[...] their theory that capitalism is the ultimate has been shaken, and socialist development has experienced a miracle. [59] The second stage, lasting from July 1946 to June 1947, saw the KMT extend its control over major cities, such as Yan'an (the CCP headquarters for much of the war).